Complicated injuries in horses

In horses, it is the limbs where the most common poorly healing wounds are sustained. Injuries occur during walking, in the stalls, and even because a limb gets shut in a door. The riskiest injuries are those below the knee joint and carpus (hock, fetlock joint, pastern). Hoof injuries caused when a horse steps on foreign matter are also common.

The main problem in the treatment of limb injuries in horses is the very low layer of subcutaneous tissue. Immediately beneath the skin is bone or a joint. Consequently, the wound is susceptible to hypergranulation (the formation of excessive amounts of granulation tissue during inflammation), which is to be avoided at all costs. Hypergranulation tissue usually needs to be surgically removed, but this procedure reopens the wound.

Small, inconveniently located injuries, which may give rise to serious subsequent complications, tend to be particularly precarious.

Moist healing of horse wounds with Anigran

Anigran, a product combining hyaluronic acid with iodine complex, is intended for the treatment of poorly healing, chronic, infected and/or acute wounds.

Anigran hydrates wounds, creates conditions conducive to regeneration and actively supports the healing process. Favourable side effects are the reduced formation of unsightly hypertrophic scars, the shorter treatment time and the inhibition of hypergranulation tissue. Another advantage of Anigran is that, once the horse has been treated, it is not always necessary to keep the horse in a dry environment.

Due to its high affinity for water, hyaluronic acid prevents the dressing from drying out and sticking to the wound. Instead, it keeps the area immediately around the wound sufficiently hydrated. This supports the vitality and natural migration of cells.

Iodine, which gives the gel its signature honey colour, ensures that the pathogens in the wound are suppressed. In order to mitigate the potential risk of allergic reactions, the iodine complex used has not been further chemically modified. This is an important factor with infected wounds – iodine from the wound dressing dissipates within 24 hours, and then the infected wound needs to be re-bandaged.

 

Most common injuries in horses

Veterinarians mainly use Anigran for the treatment of traumatic injuries in horses. The riskiest wounds generally comprise lacerations or contusions in the lower legs (between the hoof and the ankle or carpal joint), where there is a danger that important structures such as tendons and tendon sheaths will be affected. Most wounds located in this area are very poor at healing and there is a risk of infection. The use of Anigran is also useful in the treatment of wounds prior to delayed primary suture or secondary suture.

Hoof injuries – Foreign matter (nails, wire, etc.) can injure a horse’s hooves. The object either pierces through the hoof or only causes a small wound that may heal on the surface but form an abscess inside, which then often progresses to the crown, where it breaks through. Anigran in gel form can be applied directly to the wound, enabling it to heal from the centre of the hoof outwards. This minimises the risk of another abscess. In addition, Anigran significantly accelerates the healing time.

Carpus injuries – Abrasions and other potential injuries very often result in wounds to the carpus of horses. These wounds are very complicated because they are mostly circular wounds, which are intrinsically very difficult to heal. In addition, the wound is aggravated by the movement of the limb, which worsens wound contraction and significantly prolongs the healing process. When Anigran is applied, moist healing is resumed and the wound heals both around the edges and from the bottom up. The wound heals much faster and reduces the size of the scar, which is unaesthetic in these places and, because it is softer than the skin, could easily re-tear.

Fetlock joint injuries – Problems with fetlock joint injuries are very similar to carpus injuries.

Pastern injuries – Pastern injuries occur most often due to cuts and slashes, which a horse can cause to itself in the stalls or by contact with the sides in a paddock. Wounds here heal very poorly and are prone to hypergranulation. What is more, as they are often moon-shaped these wounds are very difficult to close up. Applying Anigran restricts hypergranulation and the wound begins to close up from all sides without forming a scab.

View the pictures of the healing process

All cases were treated with Anigran.